A biography of confucius a chinese philosopher

Other chapters[ edit ] He who exercises government by means of his virtue may be compared to the north polar starwhich keeps its place when all the stars are rotating about it. What you do not want done to yourselfdo not do to others. The virtuous is frank and open; the non-virtuous is secretive and worrying. But if you see that they are not going to listen to you, keep your respect for them and don't distance yourself from them.

A biography of confucius a chinese philosopher

He is said to have worked in various government jobs during his early 20s, and as a bookkeeper and a caretaker of sheep and horses, using the proceeds to give his mother a proper burial.

The Ji family held the position "Minister over the Masses", who was also the "Prime Minister"; the Meng family held the position "Minister of Works"; and the Shu family held the position "Minister of War".

In the winter of BC, Yang Hu—a retainer of the Ji family—rose up in rebellion and seized power from the Ji family. However, by the summer of BC, the three hereditary families had succeeded in expelling Yang Hu from Lu. Thus, that year BCConfucius came to be appointed to the minor position of governor of a town.

Eventually, he rose to the position of Minister of Crime. This way, he could establish a centralized government.

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However, Confucius relied solely on diplomacy as he had no military authority himself. Although the Meng and Shu families unsuccessfully besieged Hou, a loyalist official rose up with the people of Hou and forced Hou Fan to flee to the Qi state.

The situation may have been in favor for Confucius as this likely made it possible for Confucius and his disciples to convince the aristocratic families to dismantle the fortifications of their cities. Eventually, after a year and a half, Confucius and his disciples succeeded in convincing the Shu family to raze the walls of Hou, the Ji family in razing the walls of Bi, and the Meng family in razing the walls of Cheng.

First, the Shu family led an army towards their city Hou and tore down its walls in BC. Even though he disapproved the use of a violent revolution, the Ji family dominated the Lu state force for generations and had exiled the previous duke.

Although he wanted the opportunity to put his principles into practice, Confucius gave up on this idea in the end.

Confucius ordered two officers to lead an assault against the rebels. Immediately after the revolt was defeated, the Ji family razed the Bi city walls to the ground.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. September Learn how and when to remove this template message Map showing the journey of Confucius to various states between BC and BC.

The Shiji stated that the neighboring Qi state was worried that Lu was becoming too powerful while Confucius was involved in the government of the Lu state.

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The duke indulged himself in pleasure and did not attend to official duties for three days. Confucius was disappointed and resolved to leave Lu and seek better opportunities, yet to leave at once would expose the misbehavior of the duke and therefore bring public humiliation to the ruler Confucius was serving.

Confucius therefore waited for the duke to make a lesser mistake. Soon after, the duke neglected to send to Confucius a portion of the sacrificial meat that was his due according to custom, and Confucius seized upon this pretext to leave both his post and the Lu state.

At the courts of these states, he expounded his political beliefs but did not see them implemented.

A biography of confucius a chinese philosopher

During his return, Confucius sometimes acted as an advisor to several government officials in Lu, including Ji Kangzion matters including governance and crime.

He died from natural causes. Confucius was buried in Kong Lin cemetery which lies in the historical part of Qufu in the Shandong Province. In addition, it has a raised brick platform at the front of the memorial for offerings such as sandalwood incense and fruit.

Confucianism The Dacheng Hall, the main hall of the Temple of Confucius in Qufu Although Confucianism is often followed in a religious manner by the Chinese, many argue that its values are secular and that it is, therefore, less a religion than a secular morality. However, Confucius is said to have believed in astrology, saying: Ethics One of the deepest teachings of Confucius may have been the superiority of personal exemplification over explicit rules of behavior.

His moral teachings emphasized self-cultivation, emulation of moral exemplars, and the attainment of skilled judgment rather than knowledge of rules.

Confucian ethics may, therefore, be considered a type of virtue ethics. His teachings rarely rely on reasoned argument, and ethical ideals and methods are conveyed indirectly, through allusioninnuendoand even tautology.Huineng (Hui-neng) (—) Huineng a seminal figure in Buddhist yunusemremert.com is the famous “Sixth Patriarch” of the Chan or meditation tradition, which is better known in Japanese as "Zen").

Confucius (/ k ən ˈ f j uː ʃ ə s / kən-FEW-shəs; – BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.. The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and yunusemremert.com followers competed successfully with many other.

Laozi: Laozi, the first philosopher of Chinese Daoism and alleged author of the Daodejing (q.v.), a primary Daoist writing.

Modern scholars discount the possibility that the Daodejing was written by only one person but readily acknowledge the influence of Daoism on the development of Buddhism.

Laozi is. Learn more about the life and thought of revered Chinese philosopher Confucius, beyond his well-known aphorisms, at yunusemremert.com When I think of Confucius, I think of some wise old philosopher sitting atop a mountain somewhere dispensing wisdom to his followers, and I conjure up the words "Confucius say" in a horrible Chinese accent, but I could not really tell you what he said.

Confucius. Traditionally September 28, BCE - BCE. One of the most famous people in ancient China was a wise philosopher named Confucius - also Kong Zi, Kong Qiu, or Zhong Ni.

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