She suffered from tuberculosis and died when Maria was twelve. Maria's father was an atheist and her mother a devout Catholic. The deaths of her mother and sister, according to Robert William Reid, caused Maria to give up Catholicism and become agnostic. She spent the following year in the countryside with her father's relatives, and the next with her father in Warsaw, where she did some tutoring.
She received a general education in local schools and some scientific training from her father. Inshe went to Paris to continue her studies at the Sorbonne where she obtained Licenciateships in Physics and the Mathematical Sciences.
She met Pierre Curie, Professor in the School of Physics in and in the following year they were married.
She succeeded her husband as Head of the Physics Laboratory at the Sorbonne, gained her Doctor of Science degree inand following the tragic death of Pierre Curie inshe took his place as Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Sciences, the first time a woman had held this position.
Her early researches, together with her husband, were often performed under difficult conditions, laboratory arrangements were poor and both had to undertake much teaching to earn a livelihood.
Curie developed methods for the separation of radium from radioactive residues in sufficient quantities to allow for its characterization and the careful study of its properties, therapeutic properties in particular. Curie throughout her life actively promoted the use of radium to alleviate suffering and during World War I, assisted by her daughter, Irene, she personally devoted herself to this remedial work.
Curie, quiet, dignified and unassuming, was held in high esteem and admiration by scientists throughout the world. She was a member of the Conseil du Physique Solvay from until her death and since she had been a member of the Committee of Intellectual Co-operation of the League of Nations.
The importance of Mme. She received many honorary science, medicine and law degrees and honorary memberships of learned societies throughout the world. Together with her husband, she was awarded half of the Nobel Prize for Physics infor their study into the spontaneous radiation discovered by Becquerel, who was awarded the other half of the Prize.
In she received a second Nobel Prize, this time in Chemistryin recognition of her work in radioactivity. She also received, jointly with her husband, the Davy Medal of the Royal Society in and, inPresident Harding of the United States, on behalf of the women of America, presented her with one gram of radium in recognition of her service to science.
For further details, cf. Biography of Pierre Curie. Curie died in Savoy, France, after a short illness, on July 4, It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.Marie Curie requires little introduction: her name itself has become a shorthand for the archetypical super-smart and trailblazing female scientist.
The Polish-born scientist formed one-half of the Curie power couple, who went on to win the Nobel Prize for their discovery of radium. Marie Curie, born in was a pioneer in the field of radioactivity, as well as the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes in both physics and Marie Curie still has more Nobel prizes than Einstien at speeds approaching c.
Amazing science art by Florida artist Megan Lee. "All my life through, the new sights of Nature made me rejoice like a child. It was like a new world opened to me,.which I was at last permitted to know in all liberty." ~ Marie Curie, Wonderful World of Science Marie Skłodowska Curie.
Marie Curie (November 7, - July 4, ) Polish Chemist and physicist, pioneer in the field of radioactivity, the first twice-honored Nobel laureate (and still the only one in two different sciences) and the first female professor at the University of Paris.
More recently, in , a French film about Pierre and Marie Curie was released, Les Palmes de M. Schutz. It was adapted from a play of the same name. In the . In the Nobel prize for physical science was awarded, half to Mons. and Mme.
Curie and half to Henri Becquerel, whose discovery of the spontaneous radio-activity of uranium ore formed the.