See an interesting presentation of the theme in French by the Institut de France. Arms of the Nine Worthies Sources:
Creon the King or Antigone? The social status of Antigone is almost one of a princess. She has a lot to lose, her honor, principles, wealth, reputation. Technically Creon is the superior one, but de facto Antigone is a very important person in Thebes, no matter if she has the official title or not.
The second criterion is passed by both Antigone and Creon. Creon is cruel sometimes.
His refusal to bury Polyneices meant much more for the ancient Greeks who considered a proper funeral a must, even for the enemies. He can be also very harsh to his own sentry, still being a good king. In the meantime, he behaves very noble and courteous towards Antigone, clearly showing her his respect and affection.
Ismene also sees his soft side with Creon being soft-spoken and calm with her. Antigone is by no means a saint, because she was clearly involved in the incestuous relationship with her brother, but from the other side she is the one who is faithful to the traditions and has mercy over anyone.
She insists that human judgement can only take the body of a person, but their soul should have peace in the afterlife, so she demands the burial for Polyneices. One of the most important traits for a tragic hero is a fatal flaw that destroys their life. Antigone has a very prominent one: She is a woman who acts before thinking this portrayal is also typical for Greek literature.
Instead she just disobeys her King, questioning his authority and showing that she can go against his will without any repercussions. Her stubbornness also caused her death in the indirect way. If Antigone yielded to her King, she would be pardoned. But she fiercely decided to take her own life, just not to give him the pleasure, not knowing that King Creon changed his mind and was riding to spare her life and bury Polyneices instead.
But he can play the clever drama, condemning her as a just King and then pardoning her as a merciful King, listening to the opinion of his people, who demand to release Antigone.
At the beginning of the play we can suggest that his stubbornness also would be his fatal flaw, but later we see that his anger and inability to seek compromise can be controlled pretty well.
When King Creon regains his composure and listens to the rumors that are spread among the townsfolk, he changes his mind and decides to spare Antigone.
So, his flaw turns into his benefit — he is a wise ruler, able to put aside his emotions. The amount of compassion to Creon and Antigone also differs drastically. In the play Antigone is seen by the common folks as a woman of exceptional kindness and bravery who risks her own life to fulfill her family duty and just a duty of a human — releasing the soul of her brother for the afterlife.
Not allowing to bury the dead body was, in ancient Greek culture, the crime much more brutal than the murder itself: Story-wise, Antigone deserves all the compassion the locals give to her.
Even her bravery bordering with recklessness and her desire to die on her own terms are portrayed as something worth respect. From the modern point of view Creon can be pitied. Pretending that nothing happened would have shattered his authority. Still Antigone has more compassion even from the modern audience.
Then she has to face the decision of King Creon to leave her brother unburied, condemning him to the horrible un-afterlife. She risks her life and reputation to save her beloved from this fate and all the people support her, seeing the higher mercy in her actions. Her bravery and the feeling of honor are her best traits — but she earns our ultimate compassion when we see that precisely these traits cause her death: The epiphany of the tragedy also favors Antigone as tragic hero.
While Creon receives a message from the oracle, condemning his actions, he surely regrets them. But first and foremost the message comes from the outside: The Gods have decided that he is guilty, but it is the external judgement.Sophocles’ play Antigone presents us with three different types of women: Antigone, the strong-willed protagonist; Ismene, the weak sister of Antigone; and Eurydice, wife of Creon.
Each of these characters’ personalities, lifestyles, and choices directly affects the character’s mortality. By adopting male personas(and even appearances in the case of the witches) the women escape their female roles while still remaining decidedly feminine, "still linked with [their] sex and with humanity"(Jameson ).
Issues revolving around the position of masculinity and femininity are prevalent in almost all societies, theatrical or real, and thus it is not surprising to find that the realist work of Ibsen, A Doll’s House and the tragic work of Anouilh, Antigone, share these issues.
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Oct 08, · Best Answer: Antigone's gender has profound effects on the meaning of her actions. Creon himself says that the need to defeat her is all the more pressing because she is a woman. The freedom of Greek women was extremely limited; the rules and strictures placed on them were great even for the ancient yunusemremert.com: Resolved.
antigone Tomb, bridal-chamber, eternal prison in the caverned rock, whither go to find mine own, those many who have perished, and whom Persephone hath received among the dead!
Last of all shall I pass thither, and far most miserably of all, before the term of my life is spent.