It has left behind many carved inscriptions and stelae.
See Article History Alternative Titles: It is the largest of the Central American republics. Nicaragua can be characterized by its agricultural economy, its history of autocratic government, and its imbalance of regional development—almost all settlement and economic activity are concentrated in the western half of the country.
Nicaragua has a unique history in that it was the only country in Latin America to be colonized by both the Spanish and the British.
The land, economic, and educational reforms initiated by the socialist-oriented Sandinista regime were negated when it became embroiled in guerrilla warfare with a U.
The Sandinista -dominated government was finally defeated by the U. The election results, which were deemed free and fair by the international communitysignaled an end to the armed conflict in Nicaragua. The Sandinistas returned to power after winning a national election in but promised to uphold many of the economic reforms of their predecessors.
Present-day Nicaragua is still recovering from its legacy of dictatorship and civil war.
There are ongoing disputes over land ownership, and Nicaragua continues to be dependent on foreign aidmainly from the United States. On the other hand, the country has been home to many prominent artists, writers, and intellectualsand it began to attract a significant income from tourism in the early 21st century.
Relief The western half of Nicaragua is made up generally of valleys separated by low but rugged mountains and many volcanoes. To the west and south of the central mountain core is a string of 40 volcanoes —some of which are active—that stretches northwest-southeast along the Pacific coast.
These volcanoes are surrounded by low plains extending from the Gulf of Fonseca in the north to the Bay of Salinas in the south and are separated from the mountains by the great basin that contains Lakes NicaraguaManaguaand Masaya.
They are divided into two groups: Donne Bryant Stock The eastern half of Nicaragua has low, level plains. Among the widest Caribbean lowlands in Central America, these plains average 60 miles km in width. They are short and carry a small volume of water; the most important are the Negro and Estero Real rivers, which empty into the Gulf of Fonseca, and the Tamarindo River, which flows into the Pacific.
The eastern rivers are of greater length. The mile- km- long Coco River flows for miles km along the Nicaragua-Honduras border and empties into the Caribbean on the extreme northern coast. The west is a region of lakes.
Lake Nicaraguawith an area of 3, square miles 8, square kmis the largest lake in Central America. The lake is bisected by a chain of volcanos which has led to the formation of numerous islands, the largest of which is Ometepe Island. Located in the southern isthmus, the lake and its distributary, the San Juan River, have long been discussed as a possible canal route between the Caribbean and the Pacific.
Lake Masaya is prized for its swimming and fishing facilities; the sulfurous waters of Lake Nejapa have medicinal properties ascribed to them; and Lake Tiscapa is located in the capital city.
Soils Soils on the Caribbean coast are varied and include fertile alluvial types along waterways and relatively infertile types in the pine-savanna and rainforest regions.Culture of Honduras - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family Ge-It.
Archaeologists have demonstrated that Honduras has a multi-ethnic prehistory. An important part of that prehistory was the Mayan presence around the city of Copán in western Honduras near the Guatemalan border.
Copán was a major Maya city that began to flourish around A.D.
but reached its height in the Late Classic (– A.D.). Current, accurate and in depth facts on Kuwait. Unique cultural information provided.
35, + pages CountryReports - Your World Discovered! Custom Search Country Studies Index. Geography. Resources for students and teachers of geography. Discover the world with articles, fact sheets, maps and more that explore landscapes, peoples, places, and environments both near and far.
Honduras is a country in Central yunusemremert.comas borders the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean. Guatemala lies to the west, Nicaragua south east and El Salvador to the south west.
Honduras is the second largest Central American republic, with a total .