History Early history In bc the Persian warrior-king Darius Iwho ruled the largest empire and commanded the best army in the world, bowed to the hit-and-run tactics of the nomadic Scythian s and left them to their lands beyond the Danube.
Visit Website The assassination of Franz Ferdinand set off a rapidly escalating chain of events: Austria-Hungarylike many in countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the question of Serbian nationalism once and for all.
The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary then sent an ultimatum to Serbia, with such harsh terms as to make it almost impossible to accept. World War I Begins Convinced that Austria-Hungary was readying for war, the Serbian government ordered the Serbian army to mobilize, and appealed to Russia for assistance.
On August 4,German troops crossed the border into Belgium. In the first battle of World War I, the Germans assaulted the heavily fortified city of Liegeusing the most powerful weapons in their arsenal—enormous siege cannons—to capture the city by August Leaving death and destruction in their wake, including the shooting of civilians and the execution of a Belgian priest, whom they accused of inciting civilian resistance, the Germans advanced through Belgium towards France.
First Battle of the Marne In the First Battle of the Marnefought from September, French and British forces confronted the invading Germany army, which had by then penetrated deep into northeastern France, within 30 miles of Paris. The Allied troops checked the German advance and mounted a successful counterattack, driving the Germans back to north of the Aisne River.
The defeat meant the end of German plans for a quick victory in France. Both sides dug into trenches, and the Western Front was the setting for a hellish war of attrition that would last more than three years.
Particularly long and costly battles in this campaign were fought at Verdun February-December and the Battle of the Somme July-November German and French troops suffered close to a million casualties in the Battle of Verdun alone.
This increased hostility was directed toward the imperial regime of Czar Nicholas II and his unpopular German-born wife, Alexandra. Russia reached an armistice with the Central Powers in early Decemberfreeing German troops to face the remaining Allies on the Western Front.
America Enters World War I At the outbreak of fighting inthe United States remained on the sidelines of World War I, adopting the policy of neutrality favored by President Woodrow Wilson while continuing to engage in commerce and shipping with European countries on both sides of the conflict.
InGermany declared the waters surrounding the British Isles to be a war zone, and German U-boats sunk several commercial and passenger vessels, including some U. Widespread protest over the sinking by U-boat of the British ocean liner Lusitania —traveling from New York to Liverpool, England with hundreds of American passengers onboard—in May helped turn the tide of American public opinion against Germany.
Germany sunk four more U. Gallipoli Campaign With World War I having effectively settled into a stalemate in Europe, the Allies attempted to score a victory against the Ottoman Empire, which entered the conflict on the side of the Central Powers in late After a failed attack on the Dardanelles the strait linking the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean SeaAllied forces led by Britain launched a large-scale land invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula in April The invasion also proved a dismal failure, and in January Allied forces were staged a full retreat from the shores of the peninsula, after sufferingcasualties.
The young Winston Churchill, then first lord of the British Admiralty, resigned his command after the failed Gallipoli campaign inaccepting a commission with an infantry battalion in France.The significance of Trench Warfare is that it created a stalemate between the Triple Entente (France/Britain/Russia) and the Triple Alliance.
World War 1 Guns Allies vs Central Powers Rifle s On July 28, , the belligerents began a struggle that would lead to battlefield deaths of almost 9,, men and a total of 16 million people on three continents.
The primary cause of death was a new generation of World War 1 guns. This wider world depth study enables students to understand the complex and diverse interests of different individuals and states including the Great Powers.
I t looks at concepts such as national self-determination, ideas of internationalism and the challenges of revising the peace settlement.
Mar 27, · Trench warfare reached its highest development on the Western Front during World War I (–18), when armies of millions of men faced each other in a line of trenches extending from the Belgian coast through northeastern France to Switzerland. Significance of Trench Warfare in WWI. The horrors of the trenches in WWI have been shown throughout the world in several mediums.
In fact, more people died during WWI from disease in the trenches than of war related injuries or death. Each side's trenches were significantly different, however. Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from yunusemremert.com most famous use of trench warfare is the Western Front in World War yunusemremert.com has become a byword for stalemate, attrition, sieges, and futility in conflict.